One-dimensional tic-tac-toe

You plan your 1D tic-tac-toe on a board that has one row with 20 spaces.

There are two players. The first player makes a move by placing an x into an empty space. The second player places an o. Then the first player plays again.

For example:

  1. move: -------x------------
  2. move: -------x--o---------
  3. move: -------xx-o---------
  4. move: -------xxoo---------
  5. move: ------xxxoo---------

The player who places three of their own marks next to each other wins.

Your task is to program the game!

Step 1

Write a function evaluate that accepts the string with the board of 1D tic-tac-toe as argument and returns one character based on the state of the game:

  • "x" – The player who uses crosses (Xs) has won (the board contains xxx)
  • "o" – The player who uses noughts (Os) has won (the board contains ooo)
  • "!" – Draw (the board is full but nobody has won)
  • "-" – Rest (i.e. the game is not finished)

Step 2

Write a move function that accepts the string with the game board, a position number (0-19) and a (x or o) mark and returns a game board (i.e., a string with the given mark placed in the given position). The function header could look something like this:

def move(board, mark, position):
    # Returns the game board with the given mark in the given position.

Step 3

Write a player_move function that accepts a string with the game board, asks the player which position he wants to play and returns the updated game board with the player's move. The function should reject negative or too large numbers or moves to an occupied position. If the user has entered a wrong argument, the function should ask again (to get correct answer).

Step 4

Write a pc_move function that accepts the string with the game board. It will select a position to play, and returns the game board with the computer's move.
Use a simple random "strategy":

  • Select a random number from 0 to 19.
  • If the position is empty, place the computer's mark there.
  • If not, repeat from the first step (select another random number). The function header should look something like this:
def pc_move(board):
    # Returns a game board with the computer's move.

Step 5

Write a tictactoe_1d function that creates a string with a game board and alternately calls the player_move and pc_move functions until someone wins or draws. Do not forget to check the status of the game after every turn.

Hint: Defining a function with a name starting with a number is not possible. That is why we do not use function name 1d_tictactoe.

Step 6 - Optional

Can you think of better strategy for your computer? Let us know your ideas or try to program them directly.